What is R-32? The chemical name for R-32 is difluoromethane. It is already used for many years as a component of the refrigerant blend R-410 (50% R-32 and 50% R-125). Daikin and other industry players recognize today that there are several advantages of using R-32 in its pure form instead of R-410 or other types of blends. It is considered the most balanced next generation refrigerant for residential and commercial air conditioners, cooling and heat pump systems. Compared to the refrigerant R-410A, the Global Warming potential of R-32 is only one third (GWP is 675 for R-32 compared to 2,088 for R-410A), while it allows for a much smaller refrigerant volume or higher energy efficiency. As a single component refrigerant, R-32 is also easier to recycle and reuse, which is another environmental bonus. In addition, R-32 is easy to handle for installers and service technicians as it can be charged in both liquid and gas phase and working pressures are similar to R-410A. There is also no need to worry about fractionation or glide problems as R-32 is not a blend refrigerant.
Environmental Benefits of R-32 One of the important features of refrigerants is their heat transfer capacity. R-32 possesses about 1.5 times higher heat transfer capacity than R-410A, which means that its charge volume can be up to 30% smaller, depending on the model design. This in addition to the lower GWP of R-32 results in a strongly reduced potential global warming impact. The potential global warming impact (GWP x charge volume) can be up to 75% less than that of R-410A. R-32 can improve energy efficiency by 5-10% depending on models. Key Characteristics R-32 is a next generation refrigerant that addresses a range of environmental considerations in a balanced manner.
R-32 does not deplete the ozone layer, unlike R-22
R-32 has a GWP of 675 - about one third of R-410A
With R-32, the energy efficiency of the equipment can be higher compared to R-410A or it can be kept at the same level but with a more compact model size
Easier to reclaim, recycle and reuse and no need to worry about composition changes in case a leakage occurred in the equipment
Worldwide Usage R-32 is currently being used in about 15 million air conditioning units (estimated May 2016) in more than 40 countries worldwide, including Japan, India, Australia, Thailand and several other Asian, Middle East and European countries. In GCC, more than 10,000 units were sold in Oman and the UAE, as of June 2016.